(mental health) or (KW) or anxiety or The results of this audit tentatively indicate that flexible work interventions that increase the control and choice of workers (e.g. B, self-determination or phased or partial retirement) probably have positive effects on health outcomes. On the other hand, interventions motivated or dictated by organizational interests, such as fixed-term contracts and involuntary part-time work, have had obvious or negative health effects. These results should be interpreted with caution given the limited partial and methodical basis. In addition, it is clear that well-designed intervention studies are needed to determine the effects of flexible working conditions on health, well-being and health inequalities. This review focused on the study of the impact of flexible work interventions on health and well-being outcomes. Future revisions could expand this priority to reflect the organizational or economic impact of these interventions, taking into account outcomes such as staff change, worker performance, job satisfaction and employee morale. It is also necessary to take into account the cost-effectiveness of flexible work arrangements. Given the lack of pre- and post-controlled studies, there is reason to believe that future levels of evidence (including retrospective cohort studies and non-intervention studies, which examine the effects of flexible work and a comparative approach) will be interviewed. This would be particularly successful in analyzing the health effects of spatial flexibility interventions, namely telework. We conducted systematic searches with the following 12 electronic databases (reception sites and search dates in brackets): the Cochrane Public Health Group`s specialized registry (June 26, 2009); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2009, Issue 2) (July 1, 2009); MEDLINE (Ovid, March 30, 2009); EMBASE (Ovid, May 1, 2009); CINAHL (NHS Evidence Health Information Resources, May 13, 2009); PsycINFO (NHS Evidence Health Information Resources, May 15, 2009); Social Science Citation Index (Web of Science, May 22, 2009); ASSIA (CSA, June 16, 2009); IBSS (EBSCO, June 19, 2009); Sociological Abstracts (CSA, June 16, 2009); ABI/Inform (Proquest, May 21, 2009); Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating (EPPI) Centre; and evidence Library of Reviews (June 22, 2009).

The research concepts were summarized as follows: interventions (flexible interventions) AND recruitment (employment/salary) AND results (in terms of health and well-being). We have not excluded documents because of the language, country or date of publication. The various research strategies are listed in Appendix 1. Smith 1998 looked at the effects of flexibility in a compressed workweek (CWW) compressed shift system in the British police force. The intervention allowed police to make flexible departures while working four 12-hour shifts, followed by free work, and was implemented to improve the work-life balance of workers by allowing participants to negotiate positions corresponding to domestic life. The comparison group focused on 12-hour teams with a tight start. The intervention group and the comparison group had previously worked eight-hour shifts with fixed departures. A number of physical and mental health outcomes, as well as work-life balance and life balance, were measured using validated instruments such as the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12, Goldberg, 1972) and the Standard Shiftwork Index (Barton 1992).